- Mongolia, Relations with
- In the decade after independence from Qing China, Mongolia steadily gravitated into the sphere of influence of Soviet Russia. In 1924, a Mongolian People’s Republic was established under Soviet protection, becoming the first of many Soviet satellites during the Cold War. Mongolian-Soviet relations remained close (including during the Sino-Soviet split) until the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.Under perestroika, Mikhail Gorbachev dramatically reduced Soviet subsidies to Ulan Bator and began the withdrawal of Soviet troops. Recognizing the loss of its longtime protector, Mongolia concurrently improved relations with the People’s Republic of China and the United States. Mirroring reforms in the Soviet Union, Mongolia abandoned one-party totalitarianism and began market reforms, maintaining friendly but diminished relations with Russia in the process. The new relationship—built on principles of equality—was solidified with the 1993 Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation; however, pernicious disputes over Mongolia’s debt to Russia and the latter’s abolition of visa-free travel for Mongolian citizens weakened the relationship. Recently, Mongolia has again entered into Russia’s geopolitical strategy. Vladimir Putin has sought to leverage Mongolia as an ally in northeast Asia, and made one of his first foreign visits to Ulan Bator, signifying an unwillingness to let China act as the sole great power in the region.Mongolia was also positioned as an important player in maintaining stability in Central Asia and given observer status within the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. The Kremlin wrote off nearly all of the impoverished country’s debt and has expanded trade, energy, and cultural linkages in the past decade. With nearly 3,500 kilometers of shared border between the two countries, Russia’s regional governors in the districts of Chita, Buryatiya, Tuva, and the Altay Republic have emerged as important players in bilateral relations, particularly on issues of foreign trade.See also Foreign relations.
Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. Robert A. Saunders and Vlad Strukov. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
China–Mongolia relations — Sino Mongolian relations Mongolia … Wikipedia
Republic of China–Mongolia relations — Republic of China Mongolia relations Taiwan … Wikipedia
Czech Republic–Mongolia relations — Czech Republic Mongolia relations Czech Republic … Wikipedia
Dates of establishment of diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China — Main article: Foreign relations of the People s Republic of China Since its founding in 1949, the People s Republic of China (PRC) has had a diplomatic tug of war with its rival in Taiwan, the Republic of China (ROC). Throughout the Cold War,… … Wikipedia
Croatia–Mongolia relations — Croatian Mongolian relations Croatia … Wikipedia
Egypt–Mongolia relations — Diplomatic relations between Egypt and Mongolia were established in 1964. [cite news|url=http://nl.newsbank.com/nl search/we/Archives?p product=NewsLibrary p multi=BBAB d place=BBAB p theme=newslibrary2 p action=search p maxdocs=200 p topdoc=1 p… … Wikipedia
Dates of establishment of diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union — The USSR was established on December 30, 1922 and existed until December 26, 1991. Contents 1 Europe 2 Asia 3 Americas 4 Africa 5 Oceania … Wikipedia
Mongolia–United States relations — Mongolia – United States relations Mongolia … Wikipedia
Mongolia–Russia relations — Mongolia … Wikipedia
Mongolia–South Korea relations — Mongolia … Wikipedia